Traditional System of Settlement of Armenians (XIX century – beginning of XX century)
Keywords:clan, a district inhabited by relatives, residential area, Gyumri, winter houses, adjacent district, family, graves of relatives, Berd, Sasun, Zangezur
The article has considered the traditional settlement systems in the Armenian residential areas. Since the ancient times up to the beginning of the XX century there have been joint clan settlements implemented on the basis of three principles. The initial form, which has been preserved exclusively in the mountainous regions, was a system of the settlement of a clan within one residential area. It was most characteristic of the traditional societies. The second system was a settlement system in which the relatives settled an entire district; it was characteristic of relatively late periods of the social development. Until the beginning of the XX century the Armenian residential areas have been characterized by the tradition of communicating through narrow doors or windows in the walls connecting the houses of the representatives of a clan. The third and the most widespread tradition in the XX century was a tradition of cohabitation in the adjacent apartments of the closest brother families in terms of kinship. The districts inhabited by the families of relatives have been known by the names associated with the names of the founders of a clan. Some rural residential areas, where districts bear clan names, have been still preserved even nowadays.
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