The Typological Peculiarities of the Negative Adverbs of the German Language


  • Naira Shachilvyan Yerevan State University



typological peculiarities, negative adverb, lexico-grammatical means, polynegative language, mononegative language, double negation, negative sentence, general negation, syntactical function, adverbial, semantic field


In this article the typological peculiarities of the negative adverbs of modern German are presented in comparison with the corresponding facts of the
Armenian language, which acts here as an etalon language. Negative adverbs are lexicogrammatical means of expressing negation, which are remarkable because their presence in
the composition of a sentence contributes to the manifestation of peculiar features of the formation of negative sentences in different languages, as well as at different stages of the development of one language. It is shown that by the abovementioned means of expressing negation the mononegative type of the modern German language is opposed to the polynegative
type of the Armenian language. The mononegative system of the German language is usually
explained by the general tendency towards the maximum possible combination of grammatical structures in this language. In German negative adverbs may function in a sentence as
adverbial modifier of time, place and manner and give a negative meaning to the affirmative
form of the predicate and at the same time to the whole statement, performing the function of
general negation, while the equivalent means in the Armenian language are used with the
same function, as a rule, with negative forms of the verb and act as a complex whole. In Armenian negative adverbs are the main negative elements in a sentence, since their presence
necessitates the use of negative forms of the verb, while the opposite fact is not typical here.  

Author Biography

Naira Shachilvyan, Yerevan State University

Ph.D in Philology, Assistant of the Chair of German Philology


Булах Н. А. Средства отрицания в немецком литературном языке /Яросл. гос. пед. ин-т им К. Д. Ушинского// Ученые записки, Выпуск 57, Ярославль, 1962, էջ 200:

Delbrück B., Germanische Syntax I. Zu den negativen Sätzen․ Leipzig, 1910, p. 11.

O. Jespersen, Negation in English and other Languages, Kobenhavn, 1917, էջ 10:

Манукян Ж. Семантический анализ отрицательных предложений в сов¬ре¬мен¬ном армянском языке. Ер., 1975, էջ 19:

F. Kluge, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache․ Berlin, 1921, էջ 327:

H. Heine, Ausgewählte Werke in zwei Bänden: Bd. 2, Prosa. Die Harzreise. Moskau, 1949, էջ 83:

A. Seghers, Die Toten bleiben jung. Berlin, 1951, էջ 142:

H. Böll, Und sagte kein einziges Wort, Berlin. Darmstadt. Wien, 1964, էջ 136:

Th. Mann, Buddenbrooks. Bd. 1. Verfall einer Familie. Stockholm, 1945, էջ 467:

B. Kellermann, Der Totentanz․ Berlin, 1954, էջ 429:



How to Cite

Shachilvyan, N. . (2022). The Typological Peculiarities of the Negative Adverbs of the German Language. Bulletin of Yerevan University B: Philology, 13(1 (37), 67–75.