Working in the Sphere of Food Trade and Service in Armenia: Patterns of Precariousness


  • Srbuhi Michikyan SOCIES Expert Centre



precariousness, precarious patterns, food trade, food service sector


The food trade and service sector is considered to be the most uncertain, with a strong expression of instability both worldwide and in Armenia. Currently, the term precariousness is widely used in the field to describe the uncertainty and risks in the field. Research on food trade and services in Armenia has been conducted recently, but there have been no sociological studies on patterns of precariousness in the field. The study of patterns of precariousness provides an in-depth look at sectoral uncertainty and risk in relation to broader social structures. The purpose of this article is to study the patterns of precariousness expressed in the field through secondary analysis, which will provide opportunities for deeper analysis in the future, emphasizing the expressions of social injustice and inequality.

Author Biography

Srbuhi Michikyan, SOCIES Expert Centre

Project Coordinator


Campbell I., Price R. (2016) "Precarious work and precarious workers: Towards an improved conceptualization", The Economic and Labour Relations Review. DOI: 10.1177/1035304616652074

Gardawski J., Mrozowicki A., Trappmann V., Andrejczuk M., Burski J., Czarzasty J., Drabina-Różewicz A., Lorenzen J., Karolak M., Krasowska A., Neumann D., Seehaus A. (2020) "Young Precarious Workers in Poland and Germany. Insights into life strategies, political consciousness and activism"// Source:

Haydon D., Kumar N. (2020) "Industries Most and Least Impacted by COVID-19 from a Probability of Default Perspective - September Update". Source:

Jonsson, I., Nyberg, A. (2010) "Sweden: precarious work and precarious unemployment" // in Gender and the contours of precarious employment. Vosko Working paper.

Labor Code of the Republic of Armenia, date of adoption: 09․11․2004, (in Armenian)․ Source:

McGovern, P., Hill, S. and Mills, C. (2008) "Market, Class, and Employment", Oxford: Oxford University Press, ch. 3. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213375.001.0001

McKay S., Jefferys S., Paraksevopoulou A., Kelesp J. (2012) "Study on Precarious work and social rights: Carried out for the European Commission", Working Lives Research Institute; Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities; London Metropolitan University

Mikaelian, H. (2016) "Shadow economy in Armenia". Yerevan, Caucasus Institute

Mkrtchyan A., Osipyan A., Sahakyan S. (2020) "Social, economic and legal manifestations of Covid-19 pidemic in the Republic of Armenia", Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Yerevan State University; Yerevan (in Armenian)

Rodgers J. Rodgers G. (1989) "Precarious Jobs in Labour Market Regulation: The Growth of Atypical Employment in Western Europe", International Institute for Labour Studies, Free University of Brussels

Standing G. (2011) "The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class", Bloomsbury Academic, New York. DOI: 10.5040/9781849664554

Vermishyan H., Michikyan S., Ghalamdaryan A., (2021) "Working conditions of employees in the field of food service and trade in Armenia", Armenian branch of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation (in Armenian)

Vosko L, MacDonald M., Campbell I․ (eds) (2009) "Gender and the Contours of Precarious Employment". London: Routledge. DOI: 10.4324/9780203874424

Vosko L․ (2010) "Managing the Margins: Gender, Citizenship, and the International Regulation of Precarious Employment". Oxford: Oxford University Press




How to Cite

Michikyan, S. (2021). Working in the Sphere of Food Trade and Service in Armenia: Patterns of Precariousness. Journal of Sociology: Bulletin of Yerevan University, 12(2 (34), 76–87.



Economic sociology