postmodern values, health professional, physician, doctor, clinician, medical terms, metaphors, metaphoric expressions, health conditions


There is a universally acknowledged truth that the medical lexis is largely composed of Greco-Latin vocabulary. There is also a general assumption that health professionals supposedly possess no other relevant linguistic means but the Greco-Latin terms to communicate clinically specific information. In a postmodernist approach, however, there is an ‘assault’ on this dogmatic view. To the postmodern eye, the truth is pluralistic; diverting opinions are embraced when constructing this truth. And if postmodernist approach welcomes pluralism and open-mindedness in composing this information, then health professionals may well construct the evidence-based information through various linguistic devices, rather than relying exclusively on fixed terminology and concepts of Latin and Greek origin. This means that the evidence-based medical and clinical information may be communicated, inter alia, by such constructs as metaphors and metaphoric expressions.


Download data is not yet available.


Birthmarks in Infants. (n.d.) Johns Hopkins medicine, health. Retrieved March 5, 2022.

Bohnert, M., & Pollak, S. (2003). Heat-mediated changes to the hands and feet mimicking washerwoman’s skin. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 117(2), 102–105.

Brightman, L.A., Geronemus, R.G., & Reddy, K.K. (2015). Laser treatment of port-wine stains. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, 8, 27–33. March 5, 2022.

Café-au-lait spots. (n.d.) Cleveland Clinic, Health Library. Retrieved March 5, 2022.

Caruso, J.L. (2016). Decomposition changes in bodies recovered from water. Academic Forensic Pathology, 6(1), 19–27.

Chamli, A., Aggarwal, P., Jamil, R.T., et al. Hemangioma. [Updated 2022 Jan. 25]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL), StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved January 30, 2022.

Craiglow, B.G. (2013). Ichthyosis in the newborn. Seminars in Perinatology, 37(1), 26–31.

Darrow, D.H., Greene, A.K., Mancini, A.J., Amy, J. & Nopper, A.J. (2015). Diagnosis and management of infantile hemangioma. Pediatrics, 136(4), e1060–e1104.

Dermatology. (n.d.) U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved January 20, 2022.

Eiser, A.R. (2014). How the postmodern ethos challenges medical professionalism. March 18, 2022

Ellaway, R.H. (2020). Postmodernism and medical Education. Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 95(6), 856–859.

Finn, S.M., Rowland, M., Lawlor, F., Kinsella, W., Chan, L., Byrne, O., O’Mahony, O., & Bourke, B. (2006). The significance of cutaneous spider naevi in children. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 91(7), 604–605.

Hajar, R. (2015). History of medicine timeline. Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association, 16(1), 43–45.

Ichthys. (n.d.) New World Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 17, 2021.

Ichthyosis vulgaris. (n.d.) Mayo clinic, patient care & health information, Diseases & Conditions. Retrieved December 17, 2021.

Illingworth, R.S. (1976). Thoughts on treatment of strawberry naevi. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 51(2), 138–140.

Jacobs, A.H. (1957). Strawberry hemangiomas; the natural history of the untreated lesion. California Medicine, 86(1), 8–10. Retrieved January 10, 2022.

Jha, S.K., & Mendez, M.D. (2022). Cafe Au lait macules. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved March 5, 2022.

Kelly, K.M., Choi, B., McFarlane, S., Motosue, A., Jung, B., Khan, M.H., Ramirez-San-Juan, J. C., & Nelson, J.S. (2005). Description and analysis of treatments for port-wine stain birthmarks. Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, 7(5), 287–294.

Labib, A., Rosen, J. & Yosipovitch, G. Skin manifestations of diabetes mellitus. [Updated 2022 Apr 21]. In: Feingold KR, Anawalt B, Boyce A, et al., (Eds.) Endotext [Internet]. South Dartmouth (MA):, Inc.; 2000. Retrieved December 23, 2021.

Leung, A.K., Barankin, B., & Hon, K.L. (2014). Persistent salmon patch on the forehead and glabellum in a Chinese adult. Case Reports in Medicine, 2014, 139174.

Li, H., Wang, R., Méndez-Sánchez, N., Peng, Y., Guo, X., & Qi, X. (2019). Impact of spider nevus and subcutaneous collateral vessel of chest/abdominal wall on outcomes of liver cirrhosis. Archives of Medical Science: AMS, 15(2), 434–448.

Madson, J.G. (2012). Multiple or familial café-au-lait spots is neurofibromatosis type 6: clarification of a diagnosis. Dermatology Online Journal, 18(5), 4. Retrieved March 5, 2022.

Minkis, K., Geronemus, R. G., & Hale, E.K. (2009). Port wine stain progression: a potential consequence of delayed and inadequate treatment?. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, 41(6), 423–426.

Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1). (n.d.) Penn Medicine. Retrieved Retrieved March 5, 2022.

Nguyen, V., Hochman, M., Mihm, M.C., Jr, Nelson, J.S., & Tan, W. (2019). The pathogenesis of port wine stain and sturge Weber syndrome: complex interactions between genetic alterations and aberrant MAPK and PI3K Activation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(9), 2243.

Pinker, S. (2014). The source of bad writing. The Wall Street Journal, 2014, September 25. Retrieved December 20, 2021.

Pittner, S., Gotsmy, W., Zissler, A., Ehrenfellner, B., Baumgartner, D., Schrüfer, A., Steinbacher, P., & Monticelli, F. (2020). Intra- and intermuscular variations of postmortem protein degradation for PMI estimation. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 134(5), 1775–1782.

Racovita, M. (2013). Lost in translation. Scientists need to adapt to a postmodern world; constructivism can offer a way. EMBO Reports, 14(8), 675–678.

Reh, H. (1984). Uber den frühpostmortalen Verlauf der Waschhaut an den Fingern [Early postmortem course of washerwoman's skin of the fingers]. Zeitschrift fur Rechtsmedizin. Journal of Legal Medicine, 92(3), 183–188.

Roberts, N. (2009). Infantile haemangioma: harmless 'strawberry' or life-threatening vascular anomaly?. Clinical Medicine (London, England), 9(4), 385–389.

Rutty, G.N., Johnson, C., Amoroso, J., Robinson, C., Bradley, C.J., & Morgan, B. (2017). Post-mortem computed tomography coaxial cutting needle biopsy to facilitate the detection of bacterioplankton using PCR probes as a diagnostic indicator for drowning. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 131(1), 211–216.

Samant, H., & Kothadia, J.P. Spider Angioma. [Updated 2021 Jul 23]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing.

Santos, A.C., Heck, B., Camargo, B.D., & Vargas, F.R. (2016). Prevalence of Café-au-Lait Spots in children with solid tumors. Genetics and Molecular Biology, 39(2), 232–238.

Satterfield, K.R., & Chambers, C.B. (2019). Current treatment and management of infantile hemangiomas. Survey of Ophthalmology, 64(5), 608–618.

Shah, K.N. (2010). The diagnostic and clinical significance of café-au-lait macules. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 57(5), 1131–1153.

Sharma, A., & Sharma, V. (2014). Giant spider angiomas. Oxford Medical Case Reports, 2014(3), 55.

Shruthi, B., Nilgar, B.R., Dalal, A., & Limbani, N. (2017). Harlequin ichthyosis: A rare case. Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 14(2), 138–140.

Techasatian, L., Sanaphay, V., Paopongsawan, P., & Schachner, L.A. (2019). Neonatal birthmarks: A prospective survey in 1000 neonates. Global Pediatric Health, 6,

v. Khan, R. 2001 SCC 86 (CanLII), [2001] 3 SCR 823. Retrieved Retrieved November 8, 2021.

Washerwoman syndrome law and legal definition (n.d.). USLegal, Inc. Retrieved March 18, 2022.

Weber, W., & Laufkötter, R. (1984). Stadien postmortaler Waschhautbildung--Ergebnisse systematischer qualitativer und quantitativer experimenteller Untersuchungen [Stages of postmortem formation of washerwoman’s skin--results of systematic qualitative and quantitative experimental studies]. Zeitschrift fur Rechtsmedizin. Journal of Legal Medicine, 92(4), 277–290.




How to Cite