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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


Foreign Languages in Higher Education (FLHE) accepts submissions of theoretical/empirical studies in linguistics, world literature, as well as in methods of foreign language teaching written in English, French, German, Russian and Armenian. Because of the better international visibility, we encourage the authors to send their articles in English.
Editorial Board is to elect scientific research papers in the field which meet a high standard to promote the journal reputation and scientific reliance in international databases.

Submission Preparation
The general principles of submission are as follows:
• FLHE publishes original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor they are before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
• The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines
• Authors are responsible to obtain copyright permission for the material (figures, tables, texts, etc.) they include in their papers from other sources if required.
• FLHE has a zero-tolerance plagiarism policy. Plagiarism in all its forms is unacceptable.

Author Guidelines
Formatting Guidelines
• Submit your papers electronically in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
• The suggested length of the article should be 5000–8000 words, including references.
• The title should not exceed 14 words and should be capitalized, centered, 14-point Times New Roman typeface for Headings (Bold).
• An abstract (150-250 words) and up to 8 keywords should precede the article and be in the language in which the paper is written. The abstract should be written in italic with the font size 11.
• The whole text should be single-spaced. The preferable font is Times New Roman 12, for Armenian – Sylfaen 12. The text employs italics for emphasis, rather than underlining, and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end, making sure they fit into the B5 (176x250mm) format of the journal.
• Use quotations marks consistently and as required by the norms of the language in which the paper is written. In most of cases those are double quotations marks (“ ”). Use single quotations marks (‘m’) only within quotations. Quotations longer than three lines of your typed paper should be inserted as a separate paragraph and separated by one empty line from the text. The quotations within the text must not exceed 20% of the article. Avoiding parts of the original text within quotation, or ellipses, should be marked by the following sign: [...].
• Do not confuse dash ( – ), which separates two parts of sentence, with hyphen ( - ), which connects two words.
• Bibliographical references used in the paper should follow the APA style and be carefully checked for accuracy and consistency. Please ensure that every source cited in the text is also present in the reference list. Where available, DOIs or URLs for the references should be provided.
• Author(s) should present a short bio (name, surname, title, position and affiliation, research interests, and e-mail address, a mobile telephone number, ORCID) in English, Armenian and Russian, in no more than 70 words, in a separate document. In case of multiple authors, indicate which one is the corresponding author. Please indicate the full names and affiliations of all the authors clearly. Affiliations should include department, university, country, and the e-mail address. The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
• Proofs will be sent to the author for correction and should be returned by the deadline given.
• The Editorial Board reserves the right to make editorial changes to any manuscript accepted for publication to enhance clarity and style.

Organization of the Manuscript

The structure of the article should correspond to the general requirements of research papers. It should clearly present the research problem, the aim, novelty and relevance, theoretical background and/or literature overview, research methods, results and discussion, conclusions, references. Subtitles should be separated by one empty line from the text preceding it. They should be written in bold letters.

The title (no more than 14 words in length) should be a concise and informative description of the work that accurately reflects the main scope and content of the paper.

List of authors (including their affiliations and email addresses)

Abstracts are required in the following 3 languages: English, Russian and Armenian. If the article is not in English, it has to have a longer summary in English. Abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, methodology, the main results and major conclusions. Abstracts should not exceed 200 words. No citations should be included in the abstract.

The author should provide appropriate and short keywords immediately after the abstract. The maximum number of the keywords is 8. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.

This section should be concise and define the background and significance of the research, its aim and tasks.

Literature Review
This section is dedicated to the significant literature resources that served as a theoretical basis for the research. The author should survey scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to the area of research (particularly the most recent publications), providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of the work. Please bear in mind that some readers will not be experts in your field of research.

This section should contain detailed information about the procedures and steps followed in the study and cover the main methods used to obtain the desired results.

Results and Discussion
This section should address the stated objectives of the study and introduce the main findings of the work with a thorough and detailed description of the results obtained. The relevance of the findings in the context of existing literature or contemporary practice should be addressed as well.

The author should clearly define the main results of the research highlighting its significance and relevance. It may also outline some new approaches to the topic presented in the article.

References should be listed alphabetically by the last name of the first author of each work.

The reference list should include the author(s), date, title, and source. Invert all individual authors’ names, providing the surname first, followed by a comma and the author’s initials. Use a comma to separate an author’s initials from additional author names, even when there are only two authors. Use an ampersand (&) before the final author’s name. Use one space between initials. Enclose the date of publication in parentheses, followed by a period. For works from a reference category that includes the month, day, and/or season along with the year, put the year first, followed by a comma, and then the month and date or season. When a retrieval date is needed, use the following format for it: Retrieved September 30, 2020, from https://xxxxx.
For works that stand alone (e.g., books, reports, webpages), italicize the title, and capitalize it using sentence case. For works that are part of a greater whole (e.g., journal articles, edited book chapters), capitalize the title using sentence case. Do not italicize the title or use quotation marks around it. The source for a work that is part of a greater whole (e.g., journal article, edited book chapter) is that greater whole (i.e., the journal or edited book), plus any applicable DOI or URL. The source for a work that stands alone (e.g., whole book, report, dissertation, thesis, film, TV series, podcast, data set, informally published work, social media, webpage) is the publisher of the work, database or archive, social media site, or website, plus any applicable DOI or URL.

Reference example

Bühler, K. (1934). Sprachtheorie: Die Darstellungsfunktion der Sprache. Fischer.
Comrie, B. (1985). Tense. Cambridge University Press.
Harris, K. R., Graham, S., & Urdan T. (Eds.). (2012). APA educational psychology handbook (Vols. 1–3). American Psychological Association.
Levinson, S., & Wilkins, D. (Eds.). (2006). Grammars of space: Explorations in cognitive diversity. Cambridge University Press.
Levinson, S. (2004). Deixis. The handbook of pragmatics, 97-121.
Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207–217.
Svendsen, S., & Løber, L. (2020). The big picture/Academic writing: The one-hour guide (3rd digital ed.). Hans Reitzel Forlag.
Miranda, C. (2019). Exploring the lived experiences of foster youth who obtained graduate level degrees: Self-efficacy, resilience, and the impact on identity development (Publication No. 27542827) [Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University]. PQDT Open.
Oil painting. (2019, December 8). In Wikipedia.

For materials in languages other than English:

Author(s) - last name, initial(s). (Year). Original Title - italicised [Title - English translation]. Publisher. DOI or Web address - if needed
Piaget, J. (1966). La psychologie de l’enfant [The psychology of the child]. Presses Universitaires de France.

Dictionary Entry References

Entry in an online dictionary
American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Just-world hypothesis. In APA dictionary of psychology. Retrieved January 18, 2020, from

Entry in a print dictionary
Merriam-Webster. (2003). Litmus test. In Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (11th ed., p. 727).

In-text Citations

APA Style uses the author–date citation system, in which a brief in-text citation directs readers to a full reference list entry. Both the author and the date, separated by a comma, appear in parentheses. e.g. (Fillmore, 1997). If other text appears with the parenthetical citation, use commas around the year, e.g. (see Fillmore, 1997, for more detail). For quotations of fewer than 40 words, add quotation marks around the words and incorporate the quote into your own text – there is no additional formatting needed. For quotations of more than 40 words, do not use quotation marks to enclose a block quotation. Start a block quotation on a new line and indent the whole block 0.5 in. from the left margin. Double-space the entire block quotation.
• One author: (Bühler, 1934), (Danziger, 1997, p. 250), (Johnson, 2017, pp. 39–41)
• Two authors: (Harris & Cook, 2020)
• Three or more authors: (Ervin et al., 2018, p. 470)
• No author: Use the first few words of the title, or the complete title if short: (“Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary,” 1995)
• Secondary citations: (Rabbitt, 1982, as cited in Lyon et al., 2014).
For more information on Reference style refer to APA6 Referencing Style Guide.

Peer Review

• Papers sent to FLHE journal should not be submitted elsewhere for evaluation or publication.
• All papers undergo rigorous peer review to ensure quality and originality, based on initial editor screening (if the article does not comply with the subject-matter, topics and the interests of the journal and does not follow the Author Guidelines, it is excluded from revision, and the author is being notified about it).
• Papers are blind peer reviewed by at least two anonymous referees, experts in the field. The process of reviewing and approving papers takes from 1 to 2 months, after which they are published on a first-approved, firs-published basis. If the blind peer-review is successful, the paper will be deposited in the repository, if it is unsuccessful it will be returned to the author with editorial comments.
• Final decision to include the paper in the journal is made by the editorial board members.
Submissions are evaluated along the following criteria:
• Relevance and importance to FLHE readers
• Adequacy of conceptual framework
• Appropriateness and competence of the method(s) of the analysis
• Reasonableness of interpretations and conclusions
• Links between theory and practice
• Originality of contribution
• Clarity of organization and vigour of style (The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines).
After reviewing the paper may be:
• rejected,
• returned to the author for revision,
• accepted for publication.

Open Access Policy

Open Access is a common practice of providing unrestricted Internet access to peer-reviewed scientific journals. It increases the ability to read publications and recognize authors for their contributions in their chosen field and even beyond.
FLHE provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Copyright and License

The copyright for the articles in FLHE is retained by the author(s) with the first publication right granted to the journal. The journal is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License allows users to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, provided this is not done for commercial purposes. You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. The full details of the license are available at

Publication Frequency

It is a biannual publication. Research papers can be submitted all year long. The journal issues are published in June and December.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Plagiarism Policy

The authors should guarantee that the works they have submitted are original. If the authors have used any part of published papers, appropriate references are required. The similarity rate of each submission will be checked: all incoming papers will be subjected to screening for plagiarism using similarity check tools.

Article Processing Charges

There is no article processing charge for publishing an article in "Foreign Languages in Higher Education."